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[ba-ohs-talk] Fwd: [PORT-L] Free access to all research papers

>From: "John F. Sowa" <sowa@BESTWEB.NET>
>Subject:      [PORT-L] Free access to all research papers
>For many years, all research papers in physics have been freely
>available on the WWW before they were published in the print journals.
>Now, a $3 million grant from George Soros is designed to support
>free publication of all research papers in all academic fields.
>So far, free publication on the WWW has not made the printed versions
>of the physics journals obsolete, but it will undoubtedly make some
>changes in the publishing world.
>Following is the opening section and URL of an article on this topic.
>John Sowa
>Plans to extend free access to scientific and academic research papers
>have received a boost with the announcement of a $3m grant from
>financier and philanthropist George Soros' Open Society Institute.
>Budapest Open Access Initiative:  "The literature that should be freely
>accessible online is that which scholars give to the world without
>expectation of payment."
>Open access advocate Professor Stevan Harnad of the University of
>Southampton, UK, says the money could make it easier for academics
>wanting to set up their own alternatives to commercially run journals.
>"The vast potential benefits of open access to research and researchers
>are already there... but the subsidy lowers the entry barriers for
>would-be open-access initiatives," he said.
>Critics of commercial journals say their subscription charges hamper
>research at institutes and in countries where research budgets are
>tight.  They say that researchers write and review papers for free,
>so the journals should not charge to read them.
>"They don't want to get paid, what they want is that other researchers
>should read and use their work,"  Professor Harnad told BBC News Online.
>"The fact that their literature is treated for trade is anathema," he
>said.    (01)