[Date Prev] [Date Next] [Thread Prev] [Thread Next] Indexes: Main | Date | Thread | Author

[ba-unrev-talk] Re: [ba-ohs-talk] OHS & the "now" enterprises, incl. CITRIS Kickoff

http://www.nwc.navy.mil/newrulesets/LifeAfterDODth.htm    (01)

I've just read this article about the Navy and the Evernet that was part
of John's post.    (02)

"In effect, we will split DoD into a warfighting force (DGD) and a
global emergency-response force (DNS), with the latter aspiring to as
much global collaboration as possible (ultimately disintermediating the
United Nations) and the former to virtually none.  To put it another
way, DGD is deterrence; DNS is assurance."    (03)

Although the article is a projection of ideas, its suggestions seem
likely (and being part of John's post for CITRIS provides evidence for
that). Therefore, the phrase "ultimately disintermediating the United
Nations" fills me with alarm. For it seems to be suggesting that
security services worldwide will acquire an autonomous potency that has
no democratic controls at the global level upon it.
Is that an appropriate interpretation?    (04)

If so,...
They would operate without debate.
And that would make them a rogue state.    (05)

Peter    (06)

----- Original Message -----
From: "John J. Deneen" <jjdeneen@netzero.net>
To: <ba-ohs-talk@bootstrap.org>
Sent: Saturday, March 02, 2002 8:00 PM
Subject: Re: [ba-ohs-talk] OHS & the "now" enterprises, incl. CITRIS
Kickoff    (07)

> Henry,
> Relative to "Augmenting Big-Time", yesterday, I attended a CITRIS
> kickoff meeting at UC Berkeley. FYI, the following link is a 7.3 MB
> powerpoint slide presentation. Notice Prof. Yoo's "Type A, B, C"
> nomenclature for Reseacher Networking Needs (A), Production like
> Networking Needs (B), and Both Networking Needs (C) for Societal-Scale
> Applications.
> <
> >
> Also, I met and volunteered to help the new CITRIS director (Ruzena
> Bajcsy) with the use of collaborative e-mail services for writing
> papers for more grants, etc. So is there anyone else interested in
> helping with the "bootstrapping process" for developing Societal-Scale
> Applications? If so, then
> Since the inception of California Institutes for Science and
> the planning of  high-speed research networks has made a significant
> progress, and currently this effort is  through cooperation between
> CENIC, UC, and collaborating campuses. In northern California,  CITRIS
> has made plans for a very high-speed network to support high-bandwidth
> applications  and experimental research needs
> Also, in southern California, CalIT2 has led LambdaGrid efforts in the
> San Diego and Irvine area.  Joining CENIC?s forward-looking Optical
> Networking Initiative, 4 CISIs have formed a  technical working group
> address the research networking issues.
> UCOP has now asked for the four Institutes to create, on a short time
> scale, a white paper on  what the driving applications are that
> such a network and what needs to be funded besides what CENIC is
> doing at the State level. There was a very successful workshop in
> Southern California led by CalIT2 director Larry Smarr on February 5.
> This workshop is the
> second in the series amplifying the success, working towards the
> collaborative goal. We expect many more workshops to follow.
> oes any body affiliated with the Bootstrap Institute
> More insights about "Augmenting Big-Time" based on:
> 1) Waves of the Internet,
> 2) Network Services in Context of Pervasive Mobile Internet,
> 3) a recent workshop (March 12-14, 2002) report on New Visions for
> Large-Scale Networks: Research and Applications, and
> 4) Visions of Pervasive (Ubiquitous) Computing, "Smart Dust"
> sensing and communication in a cubic millimeter) and why the notion of
> being "online" versus "offline" will completely disappear, including
> Interplanetary Internet and India's wireless initiative.
> Platform Evolution (see pg. 3)
> < http://azalea.ics.agh.edu.pl/projects/6winit/docs/CEEMAS2001.ppt>
>    * An Internet of Computers
>    * An Internet of things that embed computers
>    * An Internet of things (MEMS)
>      1) Infrastructureless networking:
>      Ad-hoc disposable networks; dynamically forming, self-organizing
>      hierarchy; and precision geo-location and ultra-wideband radios
>      support sensornets;
>      2) Adaptive networking:
>      Network-aware distributed applications, proactive self-tuning
>      systems for ubiquitous computing, and custom channel building for
>      large-scale  network systems.
> "Many key applications in Government, academia, and industry have
> required far greater computing capability than was available at that
> time, and that remains true today. These applications can be
> into Grand Challenges (GC) and National Challenges (NC). The Grand
> Challenges are those efforts that focus on computation intensive
> problems in science and engineering with broad economic and scientific
> impacts, whose solution can be advanced by HPCC techniques and
> resources. Typical examples of GCs are computational structural
> and global climate modeling. National Challenges on the other hand
> on  efforts that are information intensive, have broad and direct
> on the nation's competitiveness and well-being of its citizens, and
> can benefit from the application of HPCC technologies and resources.
> Some examples of NCs are digital libraries, electronic commerce,
> education and life-long learning, and healthcare."
> < http://www.itrd.gov/iwg/pca/lsn/lsn-workshop-12mar01/ >
> <
> >, including additional publications index
> < http://www.itrd.gov/pubs/index.html >
> For example, "The GriPhyN (Grid Physics Network) collaboration is a
> of experimental physicists and information technology (IT) researchers
> who plan to implement the first Petabyte-scale computational
> environments for data intensive science in the 21st century. Driving
> project are unprecedented requirements for geographically dispersed
> extraction of complex scientific information from very large
> of measured data. To meet these requirements, which arise initially
> the four physics experiments involved in this project but will also be
> fundamental to science and commerce in the 21st century, GriPhyN will
> deploy computational environments called Petascale Virtual Data Grids
> (PVDGs) that meet the data-intensive computational needs of a diverse
> community of thousands of scientists spread across the globe."
> < http://www.griphyn.org/info/info.html >
> Visions of Pervasive (Ubiquitous) Computing
>           " . make a computer so imbedded, so fitting, so
>           natural, that we use it without even thinking about
>           it.
>           "Ubiquitous (pervasive) computing is roughly the
>           opposite of virtual reality. Where virtual reality
>           puts people inside a computer-generated world,
>           ubiquitous computing forces the computer to live out
>           here in the world with people." - Mark Weiser, the
>           late Chief Technology Officer, Xerox PARC
>           <
>           http://www.ubiq.com/hypertext/weiser/NomadicInteractive/
>           >
>           "The sensor web allows you to make measurements on a
>           large scale, like in remote sensing, but with the
>           sensitivity of in situ instruments,"- Kevin Delin,
>           NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) 2000
>           <
>           >
>           "While America is on high-alert for more terrorist
>           attacks and is re-booting its economy, planet earth
>           will don an electronic skin. It will use the
>           Internet as a scaffold to support and transmit its
>           sensations. This skin is already being stitched
>           together. It consists of millions of embedded
>           electronic measuring devices: thermostats, pressure
>           gauges, pollution detectors, cameras, microphones,
>           glucose sensors, EKGs, electroencephalographs. These
>           will probe, monitor, and safeguard cities and
>           endangered species, the atmosphere, our ships,
>           highways and fleets of trucks, our conversations,
>           our bodies--even our dreams.
>           There will be a great need for trillions of such
>           telemetric systems, each with a microprocessor brain
>           and a cognitive radio. Consultant Ernst & Young
>           predicts that by 2010, there will be 10,000
>           telemetric devices for every human being on the
>           planet. They'll be in constant contact with one
>           another. Certainly there will be no central
>           intelligence. But many scientists believe that some
>           qualities of self-awareness will emerge once the Net
>           is sensually enhanced and emulates the complexity of
>           the human brain.
>           Sensuality is only one force pushing the Net toward
>           intelligence. An eerie symbiosis of human and
>           machine effort is also starting to evolve. The
>           Internet creates a channel for thousands of
>           programmers around the world to collaborate on
>           software development and debugging. That has
>           produced an evolutionary leap in software: The
>           ''open source'' movement that spawned the Linux
>           operating system. The Linux world behaves as an
>           ecosystem--''a self-correcting spontaneous order,''
>           as open-source pioneer Eric Raymond describes it in
>           his Net manifesto, The Cathedral and the Bazaar.
>           Through collaboration, this community can push past
>           the technical barriers to machine intelligence."
> "Over the next ten or so years, this notion of being "online" versus
> "offline" will completely disappear, because of:
>    * The computing industry moving to molecular-based computer
>    * The breaking up of the desktop computer's functions into a myriad
>      of tiny gadgetry that humans will wear or have embedded
>      their living spaces and work environments-and ultimately even
>      bodies via nanotechnology
>    * The maturation of ultra wideband wireless technologies that link
>      all of these sensors, gadgets, satellites, computers, and grids
>    * The continued development and extension of the earth-based
>      of the Global Information Infrastructure (GII), especially the
>      so-called last mile
>    * The coming revolution in near-space (earth-to-moon) information
>      infrastructure-quadrupling of satellites by 2010, then vast waves
>      of nano/picosatellites-that provide real-time wireless coverage
>      across the entire planet
>    * The migration of vast portions of human commerce, social,
>      educational, religious and political activity to the Internet and
>      World Wide Web, which come to encompass all current personal and
>      mass communication media.
> In other words, we go from today's limited-access Internet to an
> with which we will remain in a state of constant connectivity.  We
> progress from a day-to-day reality in which we must choose to go
> to one in which we must choose to go offline.  This is not some
> fantasy world.  Almost all the technology we need for the Evernet
> today.  It mostly is just a matter of achieving connectivity.
> The rise of the Evernet will be humanity's greatest achievement to
> and will be universally recognized as our most valued planetary asset
> collective good.  Downtime, or loss of connectivity, becomes the
> standard, time-sensitive definition of a national security crisis, and
> protection of the Evernet becomes the preeminent security task of
> governments around the world. Ruling elites will rise and fall based
> their security policies toward, and the political record on, the care
> and feeding of the Evernet, whose health will be treated by mass media
> as having the same broad human interest and import as the weather
> (inevitably eclipsing even that)."
> < http://www.nwc.navy.mil/newrulesets/LifeAfterDODth.htm >
> The Interplanetary Internet
> Architecture and Key Technical Concepts
> <  http://www.ipnsig.org/reports/INET-Tutorial-5June01.ppt >
> The Next Frontier in Mobility
> <  http://www.ipnsig.org/reports/INETPlenary-06June01.ppt >
> Overview of specific in-situ sensor technologies, including SensorML,
> and networking in the extreme.
> <  http://lternet.edu/technology/sensors/technologies.htm >
> < http://vast.uah.edu/SensorML/SensorML_0601.ppt >
> India's Wireless Initiative and Ultrawideband (UWB) - an
> Infrastructureless, Multi-hop, Ad-hoc, Wireless Networking Technology
> India is planning to skip wireless 3G technology because of the
> associated costs and delays for building the necessary infrastructure,
> so will they chose an infrastructureless 5G technology like UWB
> < http://www.mit.gov.in/tifac/Finalwireless-initiative.pdf >
> When Ultra-wideband (UWB) radios with opto-electronic integration
> (i.e.,"smart dust") are under software control, they can dynamically
> trade data rate, power consumption, and range. This type of
> is what is needed to enable the power-constrained portable computing
> applications of the future. This form of peer-to-peer collaborative
> architecture and interaction over a wireless LAN is sometimes
> characterized as an self-organizing and self-healing ad-hoc networks
> with an inherent robustness to multi-path fading, and a low
> of intercept and detection for jamming due to the nature of the short
> (sub-nanosecond) impulse. Since each node is mobile, it needs to
> to the network dynamically and in an arbitrary fashion. All
> participating nodes may act as routers, when they forward data packets
> on behalf of other nodes on the network. They also take part in
> connection discovery and route maintenance to other nodes on the
> network. Sub-nets can form when a larger group of nodes sub-divides
> two or more smaller groups that are separated by distance or poor RF
> propagation conditions.
> UWB is only becoming commercially viable now through decreased costs
> recent advancements in chip development, the evolution of the
> marketplace, and FCC recent approval (2/14/02). What is driving UWB
> the consumer market is the ability to render UWB circuitry into CMOS
> technology. Therefore as CMOS scales say from .25 to .18 to .13 micron
> so does the UWB circuitry. As a result some call UWB "Moore's Law
> Radio". Up until a few years ago the circuitry to implement UWB was
> power and form factor constrained. With UWB being done in CMOS this is
> no longer the case. As a matter of fact we will see smaller and
> UWB devices over the next few years.
> Other advantageous features of UWB are penetration and signal power.
> terms of penetration, for instance, an unfiltered pulse of 200
> picoseconds duration, when applied through a Fourier formula,
> demonstrates signal energy throughout the spectrum between DC
> and 5 GHz. Obviously this is not a perfect square wave representation
> because the pulse is subject to some coloring from the antenna - and
> antenna technology is an extremely important facet of UWB technology -
> but with proper antenna implementations the distribution of energy is
> spread fairly evenly across the spectrum. A UWB receiver detects the
> presence of the energy of the pulse in time, not at specific
> frequencies, so absorption of specific carriers such as at 1.8GHz or
> 2.4GHz has little effect, so long as about 50% of the spectral energy
> density of the pulse penetrates whatever obstacles lie in the
> transmission path. Absorption at any one particular frequency does
> little to affect the integrity of the actual pulse.
> In terms of signal power, the simplest conceptual demonstration would
> to think of Morse code. Imagine you hook up a microphone to a one-watt
> transmitter and start speaking into it. Your voice is being used to
> generate a complex modulation onto an analog carrier. That same
> modulation must be received and de-modulated at the receiver. In order
> to recover your voice at the receiver, integrity of both the
> and the carrier must be maintained. Although the carrier is capable of
> going great distances, the modulation is much more fragile and
> over distance quickly, so you might be able to recover the voice
> modulated signal
> a mile or so away. Now, take the microphone off of the one-watt
> transmitter and instead attach a Morse code oscillator to the same
> one-watt transmitter. All you need to recover is the dots and dashes,
> (in essence, is the signal present or not?). These simple pulses can
> detected at increased distances by a factor of over ten relative to a
> modulated carrier. In Ultra Wideband, we might radiate a 200
> (.2 billionths of a second) pulse of one-watt energy. At any given
> frequency between DC and 5 GHz the demonstrated energy of the pulse is
> beneath the noise floor, hence peaceful co-existence with carrier
> technologies. (To calculate the energy take 1 Watt and divide by the
> frequency spread. In this case 1 watt divided by 5,000,000,000. =
> Floor).
> UWB operates on microwatts of power, less than 1/1000 the power
> by conventional cellular phones. UWB also possesses geographic
> positioning accuracy to within centimeters, far more accurate than
> satellite GPS. Because UWB operates in what is known as the "noise
> floor," UWB signals are almost impossible to detect and have been used
> by the Secret Service and a very small circle of similar environments
> for years as perhaps the most secure form of wireless communication
> available.
> Intel's Analysis of UWB Technology for Short- or Medium-Range Wireless
> Communications
> < http://developer.intel.com/technology/itj/q22001/articles/art_4.htm
> Presentation by Jeff Foerster, Intel Architecture Labs
> < http://www.ieee.or.com/Archive/uwb.pdf >
> Theoretical limits of 60 GHz UWB chips in CMOS
> <
> >
> Smart Dust
> "The goal of the Smart Dust project is to build a self-contained,
> millimeter-scale sensing and communication platform for a massively
> distributed sensor network.  This device will be around the size of a
> grain of sand and will contain (TinyOS) sensors, computational
> bi-directional wireless communications, and a power supply, while
> inexpensive enough to deploy by the hundreds.  The science and
> engineering goal of the project is to build a complete, complex system
> in a tiny volume using state-of-the art technologies (asopposed to
> futuristic technologies), which will require evolutionary and
> revolutionary advances in integration, miniaturization, and energy
> management.  We forsee many applications for this technology:
>    * Weather/seismological monitoring on Mars
>    * Internal spacecraft monitoring
>    * Land/space comm. networks
>    * Chemical/biological sensors
>    * Weapons stockpile monitoring
>    * Defense-related sensor networks
>    * Inventory Control
>    * Product quality monitoring
>    * Smart office spaces
>    * Sports - sailing, balls"
> < http://www-bsac.eecs.berkeley.edu/~warneke/SmartDust/index.html>
> Video Semaphore Decoding for Free-Space Optical Communication
> <
> >
> In summary, UC Berkeley "Smart Dust" developer Prof. Pister says:
>           "In 2010 MEMS sensors will be everywhere, and
>           sensing virtually everything. Scavenging power from
>           sunlight, vibration, thermal gradients, and
>           background RF, sensors motes will be immortal,
>           completely self contained, single chip computers
>           with sensing, communication, and power supply built
>           in. Entirely solid state, and with no natural decay
>           processes, they may well survive the human race.
>           Descendants of dolphins may mine them from arctic
>           ice and marvel at the extinct technology."
>           <
>           http://robotics.EECS.Berkeley.EDU/~pister//SmartDust/in2010>
> Henry K van Eyken wrote:
> > When we read that General Electric has put in place a "digital
> >
> > system that connects anything and everything involved in the
> >
> > business: IT systems, factories and employees, as well as suppliers,
> > customers and products." And when we further read in the same
> > that "GE's senior managers have such a constantly updated view of
> > their
> > enterprise" and that"Their screens differ according to their
> > particular
> > business," one does get animpression that what is described here is
> > Doug's OHS - unless clear distinguishing features spring to mind.
> >
> > Having put together "Augmenting Big-Time" (
> > http://www.fleabyte.org/eic-8.html ) I feel I have failed to clearly
> > demonstrate the distinguishing features and potential applicability
> >
> > the OHS other than that it is more textual than datastream, and
> > concomittant with that, more interactive in an analog sense. It
> > appears
> > to me that the OHS is lagging in responsiveness to the digital
> >
> > system described above, but that it has the merit of permitting
> >
> > deliberation tthrough document-sharing between people. This suggests
> > that it is well to attempt to define clearly the particular niches
> >
> > the OHS and to design an OHS tie-in to financial,
> > technological/industrial, and scientific datastreams.
> >
> > Looking at the world from my place here out in the sticks, it seems
> >
> > me that much has changed since the Stanford Colloquium two years
> > I
> > very much welcome enlightening comments on this subject, preferably
> > a
> > form I can attach to the aricle, "Augmentation Big-Time." It may be
> > well
> > that particular attention be paid to response times between
> >
> > and neural parties and, hence, to particular applications of the OHS
> > in
> > the worldly scheme of things; say, in education, in design work, in
> > strategic planning, &c.
> >
> > I believe this topic is very much worthy of a good discussion on
> > ba-ohs forum.
> >
> > Henry
> ----------------------------------------------------
> Sign Up for NetZero Platinum Today
> Only $9.95 per month!
> http://my.netzero.net/s/signup?r=platinum&refcd=PT97
>    (08)